The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) is a non-profit entity whose main goal is to make sure that the power grids in North America, parts of Canada, Baja California and Mexico, stay functional. There are eight main power regions identified in this bulk power system. All kinds and forms of electrical suppliers, big and small, rural and city make up this entity. NERC is subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Compliance of the NERC with FERC’s mandates is measured through audits, evaluations, investigations, and assessments done on NERC employees, members of management, core groups and key infrastructural organizations.
NERC improves the reliability of bulk power systems and provides assurance to the public, to industries and to governments that their power supply is stable and dependable. NERC is committed to educating its employees and the public about power grid systems and to power grid system reliability. They also are responsible for informing the public and government about what to do when there is a major grid power outage emergency.
(CIP) or Corporate Infrastructure Protection, relative to NERC, pertains to the cyber security of the bulk electric grids or systems. Standards for cyber security are established by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and are monitored by them as well. Cyber securities are the computerized protection systems which guard NERC grids from unplanned disasters or events.